A03 PC to Mac: The Basics 5:41

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From PC to Mac: The basics

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If you're used to working on a PC, this video
will show you some of the basic differences

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between using a PC and a Mac.

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Once you get to know the fundamentals,

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you'll find that it doesn't take long
to get familiar with the Mac.

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The functions you're used to accessing
from the Start menu in Windows

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are divided between the Dock

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and the Apple menu
in the upper left of the desktop.

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The Mac makes it easy to access
hard drives, servers,

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and any inserted disks, by putting
their icons conveniently on the desktop.

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There is no need to access drivers like you did
on your PC through My computer in Windows.

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The Finder

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The Finder functions a lot like
the Start menu on a PC.

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When you're trying to locate
anything on your Mac,

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just click on the Finder,
is the first icon on the Dock.

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You use it to navigate through all
the contents of your hard drive,

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added external drives, discs
and attached devices.

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All your programs, or what we call applications,

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as well as all your most recent work, can be
accessed with just a single click in Finder.

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There are four viewing options
available in Finder.

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Click the icons in the upper left
of the Finder window

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and you can view files as icons,

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as a list,

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a column,

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or in Cover Flow.

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The Dock

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The Dock is the row of icons
that provide easy access to

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the applications you use
most often on your Mac.

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It also tells you which applications
are currently running

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and holds windows in their minimize state, 
similar to your old Windows Task Bar.

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The Downloads stack
on the right side of the Dock

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contains any downloads you make
from the web, Mail or iChat.

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The Document stack
is a shortcut to the contents

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of your personal documents folder
on your hard drive.

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Both the Downloads and Documents stacks

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give you fast access
to folders and files on your Mac.

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When you click a stack,

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the files spring from the Dock in a grid or a fan,

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depending on the number of items
the stack contains.

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Finally, the Trash is always
at the far right of the Dock.

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To delete an item, simply drag it to the Trash

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as you would the recycle bin on Windows.

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You can empty the Trash by clicking
on the Empty button within the application,

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or by clicking on Finder
and choosing "Empty Trash…".

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To open an application in the Dock,
just click its icon.

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Noticed that when an application is running,

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the Dock displays a white dot
beneath the application's icon.

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You can click on any currently running
applications to make it the active one.

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To add and remove applications from the Dock,

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all you need to do is drag and drop.

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To add an icon, just open Applications
in the sidebar section of the Finder

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and drag any application you use frequently
down to the Dock

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to where you would like it to appear.

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To remove an icon, just drag it from the Dock
to an empty area of your desktop.

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It will disappear in a puff of smoke,
but don't worry

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removing an application from the Dock,
does not remove it from your computer.

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Putting an application back on the Dock,
is as easy as opening the Finder,

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opening Applications in the sidebar,

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and dragging and dropping
the application back into the Dock.

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Switching between applications

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Switching between icons on the Dock

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also illustrates another difference
between Windows and Mac.

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When you switch from
one application to another,

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notice that the menu bar
at the top of the desktop

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changes according to which application
is currently active.

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All of the functions for the active application
can be accessed through this menu bar.

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There are a number of other ways to quickly
switch from one application to another.

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In Windows, you press Alt and Tab together
to switch among running applications.

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Pushing Command and Tab together
does the same thing on a Mac.

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And your Mac makes it easy to view every open
window at ones with the Exposé feature.

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There are numerous ways to activate Exposé,

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but the most common is to use the F9 key
or the Exposé key on newer keyboards.

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Right-click mouse

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You might not have known this, but you can
use the right-click mouse with a Mac.

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In fact the Apple Mighty Mouse has
two-buttons functionality,

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and you can use almost any two-button
USB mouse with any new Mac.

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If you're working on a laptop without a mouse
and you want to right-click,

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just press the Control key
as you click on the trackpad.

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Right-clicking gives you access
to shortcut menus

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based on the application you are working in.

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You can customize the settings for your mouse
in System Preferences

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in the Apple menu,
in the top left of your desktop,

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or by clicking the System Preferences
icon on the Dock.

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Like the Control Panel in the Start menu
of Windows on a PC,

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System Preferences is where you can change
your Desktop screensaver artwork,

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get information on your devices and settings,
and much more.

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Opening and closing files

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There are some differences between
a PC and a Mac

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when you want to maximize
or quit a particular window.

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On PCs clicking the blue maximize button
causes the window to occupy the entire screen.

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On a Mac, the green circle
in the upper left of a window

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increases the window's size to a footprint
that's best for viewing.

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The yellow circle minimizes the screen
and places it in the lower right of the Dock.

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Clicking the red circle
closes the window on your Mac.

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Unlike the equivalent button on a PC,

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clicking the red circle
does not quit the application.

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To quit application entirely,
either select "Quit" from the menu bar

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or press the Command and the Q keys together.

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For more information on setting up
and working on a Mac for former PC users,

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go to apple.com/support
and click on Switch 101.
All videos are copyright by Apple Inc.; transcriptions, subtitles and translations are volunteer efforts by members of this wiki.